Today’s world is looking for a future free from the environmental chaos it currently faces. The environment is the key to opening the door to a sustainable future. Much damage to the climate has already been done and all efforts to restore it are now invaluable. India is trying to lead the change by cutting its carbon emissions, going electric and powering its wheels with ethanol instead of petroleum products. Taking advantage of the revolution, electric rickshaws have become a cheap and clean mode of mobility in the country, addressing various issues at once. The change is massive but it took years, and today the streets of the nation’s capital are abuzz with these three-wheelers.
E-Rickshaw and Battery Management
Electric rickshaws are also a favorite mode of transport for many. However, it has become important to see how pilots handle current development. It is well known to all that any type of electric vehicle is not pocket-sized. The main reason is the cost of the battery. Since India does not manufacture batteries itself, every type of electric vehicle in the country is bound to become expensive. However, central and various state governments, banks and corporations have introduced several types of subsidies to help people buy the E-Rickshaws and become part of the electric revolution in the country.
When it comes to price and budget, one can buy an E-rickshaw for as low as Rs 60,000. However, if the budget allows, one can get a better one (with better equipment and features) for Rs 1 .5 to Rs 2 lakhs. While an electric rickshaw battery can range from Rs 7,000 to Rs 1 lakh (if lithium-ion battery is chosen) and usually comes with a six-month warranty after which it can be sold to registered resellers at half price.
However, the battery remains the biggest concern – before or after buying the electric rickshaws. ABP live talked to some of these drivers in Delhi who shared how they manage their E-rickshaw and battery. One of the electric rickshaw drivers, Diman, said that on average, the three-wheeled vehicle travels about 80 kilometers per day, adding that this distance decreases with battery life. As far as recharging is concerned, those who have their house nearby recharge it at home while many others use the dedicated parking terminals. These stations have charging points for the convenience of electric rickshaw drivers across Delhi-NCR.
Interestingly, Shailesh, another electric rickshaw driver, said he sold his previous battery at 50% to battery dealers.
Well, the science behind it is that a typical electric rickshaw uses four rechargeable lead-acid batteries that last six to eight months. Electric rickshaw drivers said they then resold it to dealers, who then recycled it in factories. Unlike other metals, lead can be recycled endlessly without loss of quality, and as a result, electric rickshaw drivers get a fair resale price for it. Some of them told ABP Live that they almost fixed their resellers, but they are trying to see who can get them a better price.
Recently, Noida Metro Rail Corporation (NMRC) announced that it will take over free electric rickshaw services at Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) Blue Line Sector 52 Metro Station to enable passengers to smoothly switch services from DMRC to NMRC or vice-versa. -poured. It has become an additional reason for commuters to trust these eco-friendly vehicles in the metropolitan city.
Aid for Electric Rickshaws and Drivers – FAME India Program
As part of its goal of penetrating 30% of the vehicle segment with electric vehicles by 2030, and boosting the same, the Center and state governments have launched various programs and incentives. For this, under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020, the Department of Heavy Industry, Government of India has formulated a scheme, viz. Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) Program in 2015 to promote the manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle technology and ensure sustainable growth thereof.
Under the FAME-India scheme, incentives are provided to EV buyers in the form of an upfront reduction in the purchase price of EVs.
The incentive is tied to the battery capacity, i.e. Rs 10,000/kWh for the e-3W and e-4W with a cap of 20% of the cost of the vehicle, according to an official ministry statement. heavy industries.
On May 12, 2021, the government approved a Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for the manufacture of Advanced Chemical Cells (ACC) in the country to drive down battery prices in the country. A fall in the price of batteries will lead to a reduction in the costs of electric vehicles.
Additionally, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has announced that battery-powered vehicles will be issued with green number plates and exempt from permit requirements.
FAME II – Riding on the success of FAME I
The Government of India has approved Phase II of the FAME scheme with an expenditure of Rs 10,000 Crore for a period of 3 years starting from April 1, 2019. According to an official statement, out of the total budget support, around 86% of the fund has been allocated to Demand Incentive to create demand for electric vehicles in the country.
This phase aims to generate demand by supporting 7,000 electric buses (e-buses) and five lakh Electric Three Wheelers (e-3W), among others. This shows that the focus continues to remain on an equal proportional basis across all modes, including electric rickshaws.
State Programs for Electric Rickshaws
In 2020, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced that his government aims to have 25% of electric vehicles by 2024. He also announced a subsidy of up to Rs 30,000 on two-wheelers, up to at Rs 1.5 lakh subsidy on cars, Rs 30,000 subsidy on Auto-rickshaw and Rs 30,000 on transport vehicles.
Apart from these, the ad followed a separate section for electric rickshaws. Kejriwal announced a subsidy of up to Rs 30,000 on E-Rickshaw, exemption from registration fees and road tax for E-Vehicles. The CM mentioned that 200 public charging stations would be set up for electric rickshaw drivers, and there would be a scrapping incentive and a low-interest loan on the purchase of electric vehicles. , among others.
The Assam Electric Vehicle Policy, 2021 aims to improve air quality by enabling electric vehicles to contribute 25% of all new vehicle registrations by 2026. A grant can be obtained from Rs 50,000 for electric three-wheelers.
If one buys a 3-wheel electric vehicle here, the person can get an incentive of Rs 4,000 per kWh for the first 200 electric vehicles. The ex-factory price of the vehicle should not exceed Rs 5 Lakh.
Similarly, the government of Uttar Pradesh has also taken a step towards promoting electric vehicles. The government led by Yogi Adityanath has announced the exemption of road tax and registration fees for three years on the purchase of electric vehicles, starting from October 14, 2022. Notably, the benefit will also be extended to electric vehicles manufactured in the state, with a validity of five years.
In accordance with the Uttar Pradesh Electric Vehicle Manufacturing and Mobility Policy 2022, 100% tax exemption will be granted on electric vehicles sold and registered in Uttar Pradesh from October 14, 2022 to October 13, 2025. In accordance with the policy, in the fourth and fifth year of the effective period of the policy, from October 14, 2025 to October 13, 2027, a 100% rebate on electric vehicles manufactured, sold and registered in the state will be granted.
A similar type of reimbursement is available in many other states and even from municipal agencies across the country.
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